Stuttering In High School

Monday, January 17, 2022 12:35:46 AM

Stuttering In High School

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7 Stuttering Activities for Older Students

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Pretty much all work is done by hand. Instead of asking them questions, make close-ended comments. Verbal responses are like giving your child feedback on their speech. Make sure to praise them. However, not every child reacts positively to comments on their stutter or self-correction. If your child reacts negatively, simply drop it. Stick to positive verbal responses only. Make sure you give them at least 5 positive responses for every 1 comment on their bumpy speech. Children who stutter have trouble expressing themselves.

Having a family member lend a listening ear can make a significant difference in the child's attitude towards his or her own speech. Be sure to dedicate some "listening time" each day for your child. It can be after play school when they have a lot to share about their experiences, or right before the child heads out for their playtime. You should let your child lead you during the interactive playtime which should also be unstructured, spontaneous, and enjoyable for your child. When your child is showing symptoms of stuttering which includes repetitions, prolongations and blocks, you should immediately consult a reputed speech therapist.

These stuttering exercises are commonly suggested by speech therapists. Practicing them at home can help your child attain more fluency and confidence while sharing their thoughts. April 28, Motivation. Practice daily with our wide variety of tools personalised for you. Get professional advice on video calls from our Pro Speech Therapists. High risk factors include — A family history of stuttering. Incidence of stuttering for more than 12 months. The child is male. Girls recover faster. A girl who has been stuttering for more than 12 months is at a higher risk of persistent stuttering.

A child who begins stuttering later onset after 3. Here are some of the most common activities your SLP might ask you to do with your child — 1. She toted notepads, chalkboards, a Smedley dynamometer to measure hand strength and a cumbersome Dictaphone. The study she began that morning is now the subject of a multimillion-dollar lawsuit against the State of Iowa and the University of Iowa.

Despite its year-old provenance, it has occasioned a spate of recent articles in newspapers and speech-sciences journals and a full-day symposium at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York in December. Something happened at the orphanage in Davenport that seems to have been unintended by Johnson and unmeasurable by his science. Only now, at a remove of decades, can we begin to digest and appreciate what the Tudor study tells us about the origins of speech defects, as well as the ethics of science, the brittleness of children and the egos of driven men. By , at the height of the Great Depression, it housed more than orphans and demi-orphans those whose destitute parents, although alive, couldn't care for them in clusters of small cottages.

Not as harsh as the nearby Industrial School for Boys in Eldora, Iowa, or as forlorn as the Institute for Feeble-Minded Children at Glenwood, it was nevertheless spare, joyless and regimented. Children rose at a. They marched in long, careful lines, to facilitate order. Mary Tudor's research at the Iowa Home began with the selection of 22 subjects. None were told the intent of her research. They believed that they were to receive speech therapy. Her experimental design was complicated. She was not only trying to induce stammering in healthy children; she was also trying to see whether telling stutterers that their speech was fine would produce a change.

Included among the 22 subjects were 10 orphans whom teachers and matrons had marked as stutterers before the study began. Tudor and five other graduate students who agreed to serve as judges listened to each of the children speak, graded them on a scale from 1 poor to 5 fluent and concurred with the school's assessment. A stutterer. Five were assigned to Group IA, the experimental set. They would be told: ''You do not stutter. Your speech is fine. The remaining 12 children were chosen at random from the population of normally fluent orphans. Six of these were assigned to IIA, the group that eventually would lead to the lawsuit and contention.

These children, ranging in age from 5 to 15, were to be told that their speech was not normal at all, that they were beginning to stutter and that they must correct this immediately. The final six children in Group IIB, similar in age to those in IIA, were normal speakers who were to be treated as such and given compliments on their nice enunciation. On that first January visit, Tudor tested each child's I. A voguish theory then held that stuttering was caused by a cerebral imbalance. If, for example, you were born left-handed but were using your right hand, your nerve impulses would misfire, affecting your speech.

Johnson felt the notion was nonsense, but he was thorough and suggested Tudor discern each child's handedness. She had them draw on chalkboards and squeeze the bulb of the dynamometer. Most were right-handed, but a sprinkling of lefties ran through all the groups. There was no correlation between handedness and speech in this subject crop. That was an auspicious start. The experimental period lasted from January until late May , and the actual intervention consisted of Tudor driving to Davenport from Iowa City every few weeks and talking with each child for about 45 minutes. She followed an agreed-upon script. In her dissertation, she reported that she talked to the stuttering youngsters who were going to be told that they did not stutter.

She said to them, in part, ''You'll outgrow [the stuttering], and you will be able to speak even much better than you are speaking now. Pay no attention to what others say about your speaking ability for undoubtedly they do not realize that this is only a phase. To the nonstuttering youngsters in IIA, who were to be branded stutterers, she said: ''The staff has come to the conclusion that you have a great deal of trouble with your speech. You have many of the symptoms of a child who is beginning to stutter. You must try to stop yourself immediately. Use your will power. Do anything to keep from stuttering. Don't ever speak unless you can do it right.

You see how [the name of a child in the institution who stuttered severely] stutters, don't you? Well, he undoubtedly started this very same way. From the first, the children in IIA responded. After her second session with 5-year-old Norma Jean Pugh, Tudor wrote, ''It was very difficult to get her to speak, although she spoke very freely the month before. Potter also began to interject and to snap her fingers in frustration. She was asked why she said 'a' so much. All of the children's schoolwork fell off. One of the boys began refusing to recite in class. The other, year-old Clarence Fifer, a chubby, diffident child, started anxiously correcting himself.

She asked him how he knew. He said that the sound '''wouldn't come out. Feels like it's stuck in there. The sixth orphan, Mary Korlaske, a year-old, grew withdrawn and fractious. During their sessions, Tudor asked whether her best friend knew about her ''stuttering,'' Korlaske muttered, ''No. Mary Tudor herself wasn't untouched. Three times after her experiment had officially ended she returned to the orphanage to voluntarily provide follow-up care. She told the IIA children that they didn't stutter after all. The impact, however well meaning, was questionable. When Wendell Johnson was a boy, he ran the rounds of contemporary stuttering therapies.

His family doctor gave him sugar pills. A faith healer, thundering from a high stage, frightened and disappointed him. He went to a chiropractor. At 16, with his speech almost unintelligible, he begged to be allowed to attend a far-off stuttering ''school. I hated stuttering. His affliction shaped and spurred the remainder of his life and career. This lacerating curiosity drove him to undertake a series of ingenious experiments, before and after the Tudor study, into the essential nature of stammering itself. What is it? How does it work? To answer these questions, he began by giving stutterers a page bordered in red and having them read aloud in front of an audience, where their stuttering would become worse.

Afterward, the subjects tended to stutter painfully anytime they read a page marked with red, even when reading to a single person.

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